How to write a Well-Researched Essay? When describing and explaining your selected methods for your essay, it is critical to connect them to your research questions and/or hypotheses. The explanation of the methodology employed should include enough specifics so that the study may be replicated or at least done in a similar context or environment by other researchers.


Every stage of your research should be described and justified, with specifics on why you chose those methods and how they help you answer your research question or purpose.


Common Qualitative Research Techniques For Writing A Well-Researched Essay


It requires taking thorough field notes of what you see, hear, or encounter.


It comprises directly questioning people in one-on-one talks.

Group Discussions

It comprises posing questions and sparking debate among a group of people.


It entails the distribution of surveys containing open-ended questions.

Secondary Research

It comprises gathering previously collected data in the form of texts, photos, audio or video recordings, and so forth.


A Comprehensive Guide For Qualitative Research Methods For Writing A Well-Researched Essay

Describe Your Methodological Approach

Begin by introducing your overall research strategy. What research issue or question did you look into? Did you need to obtain primary data yourself, or did you rely on secondary data gathered by others?

Did you collect experimental data by controlling and changing variables, or descriptive data by observing and not intervening?


Depending on your discipline and approach, you may also want to start with an explanation of the reasons and assumptions that drive your technique.

Describe Your Data Collection Procedures

After you’ve explained your overarching methodological approach, you should go over your data gathering procedures in depth.


For good generalizable results in quantitative research, you should disclose your procedures in sufficient detail for another researcher to duplicate your study. Explain how you operationalized concepts and measured variables, as well as your sample strategy or inclusion/exclusion criteria and any tools, processes, and materials you used to collect data.

Describe Your Method Of Analysis

Following that, you should explain how you processed and analyzed the data. Avoid getting into too much detail—you should not begin presenting or discussing your findings at this point.


Your analysis in qualitative research will be based on language, visuals, and observations (often involving some form of textual analysis). Methods that may be used include content analysis, thematic analysis, and discourse analysis.

Justify Your Methodological Selections

Your technique should explain why you chose these specific methods, especially if you did not approach your issue most conventionally. Explain why other strategies were ineffective for your objectives, and show how this approach contributes new knowledge or understanding.


You can acknowledge weaknesses or drawbacks in the technique you picked, but explain why they were outweighed by the benefits.


Approaches Of Qualitative Research Methods

Grounded Theory

Inductive theory development is used by researchers to obtain rich data on a topic of interest.


To understand the cultures of individuals or organizations, researchers immerse themselves in them.

Action Research

To generate social change, researchers and participants work together to connect theory and practice.

Phenomenological Research

Researchers explore a phenomenon or occurrence by describing and analyzing the lived experiences of individuals.

Narrative Research

Researchers study how tales are conveyed to better understand how participants perceive and interpret their experiences.